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AC power (Alternating Current): an electrical current whose magnitude and direction varies continuously and sinusoidally. AC is the form in which electricity is delivered to businesses and residences. It can be thought of as “standard” electrical power.

Annual Solar Savings: the amount of money saved by avoidance of electrical utility costs. Since solar will drastically reduce, and in many cases virtually eliminate the electric bill, the savings can be substantial.

Carbon Footprint: The total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly as well as indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in the equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).

DC power (Direct Current): an electrical current whose magnitude and direction stay constant. The photovoltaic cells on solar panels capture energy from sunlight in the form of DC. In order to power your home, this current must be converted to AC by an inverter.

Electrical Current: the flow of charged electrons through a circuit. Depending upon its behavior, an electrical current can be alternating or direct (AC or DC).

Electric Panel: an electrical distribution board that houses electrical circuit breakers. It is the main point at which electricity is distributed throughout a building. It is otherwise known as a breaker box. The circuit breakers can be turned on or off, thus restricting or permitting the flow of electrical current to electrical outlets.

Fossil fuel: coal, oil, and natural gas. These fuels are formed by fossil remains of plants and animals and are not considered renewable because when the source runs out it doesn't replenish or replace itself in a human lifetime.

Green power: electricity generated from renewable energy sources or combination of renewable and fossil resources.

Greenhouse gases: gaseous components in the atmosphere that contribute to climate change. The continual increase in concentration of greenhouse gases released by human activities is the primary cause of global warming. The most prevalent of these gases is carbon dioxide, which is released in large quantities when fossil fuels are burned. Nothing is burned to convert sunlight into power; since solar energy does not have any gaseous by-products, it is considered “clean.”

Grid-Tie System: a PV, wind or hydroelectric system that supplies power directly to the utility grid. When you don’t use the electricity generated, it gets sold back to the power company.

Ground Mounted Systems: a solar system that is not attached directly to a building, but is supported by a structure that is built specifically to support solar panels. Ground mounted systems are best for buildings with undersized or shady roofs.

Inverter: a piece of equipment that converts DC power created by the photovoltaic cells on solar panels into AC power that can be used to power your home. Large solar systems may require more than one inverter.

kW (kilowatt): a measurement of power based on the Watt. The Watt is the standard unit used to measure power. A kilowatt is one thousand watts. A typical household requires a solar power system that produces between 3-5 kW.

KWh (kilowatt hours): a measurement of energy consumption. One kilowatt hour equals one “unit” of electricity. One kilowatt hour is defined as the amount of energy a 1000-Watt appliance would use if it was running continuously for 1 hour. This is the measurement your utility company would use to calculate an electric bill.

Net Metering: an agreement between a solar system owner and the local electric utility that allows the system owner to sell energy back to the utility. When the solar system produces excess energy, it is sold back to the electric utility, literally causing the electric meter to spin backwards.

Off-grid: any or all energy or electricity that is derived from products or systems that are not provided by utility companies and their sources, such as solar power.

Pole Mounted Systems: A system mounted on a pole and capable of rotating about one axis. These tracking systems usually follow the sun from east to west throughout the day.

Photovoltaic (PV) panel: also known as a solar cell, the panel uses semiconducting materials to absorb sunlight (photons), then converts the photons into electrons that are stored or used as energy.

Renewable energy: refers to electricity supplied by energy sources that are naturally and continually replenished, such as wind, solar power, geothermal, hydropower, and various forms of biomass.

Roof Mounted Systems: a solar system in which solar panels are mounted directly on the roof of a building or adjacent structure. The majority of solar systems are mounted on a roof.

Solar Array: a group of solar panels collectively makes up a solar array. A solar array is the entire system of solar panels that capture sunlight and convert it into DC power.

Solar Energy: Energy from the sun. For example, the heat that builds up in your car when the windows are closed is solar energy.

Solar Panel: a group of solar cells arranged into a panel that can be installed onto a flat surface whether that be a roof or the ground. The panel captures sunlight and converts it into DC power.

Stand-alone System: a solar system that is not connected to the utility grid. Also called an off-grid system. In order to provide continuous power, these systems must be connected to batteries that can store excess power produced during daylight hours for use in the dark or at night. These systems are often used in remote locations where traditional utilities are not available.

Tilt Angle: the angle that a solar array is tilted towards the sun. Depending on the location of a building, a solar array could be installed tilted or flat.

Utility company: the local government or private business that produces and sells electricity to the public.

Utility Grid: the system that delivers electric power to homes and businesses. The utility grid is owned and managed by electric utility companies whether they be private or public.

Utility Meter: a piece of equipment that measures the flow of electricity between a site that uses electricity and the electric utility company.

How much power does a Solar system produce?
It depends on the size of the system. A 4 kilowatt photovoltaic electric system can supply a typical home with 100% of its electric needs.

Systems typically start at 2 kilowatts (2000 watts) and get larger from there.

Green Power Solutions, Inc. will work with you on a solar solution to fit within your budget and your alternative energy needs.

Are there any warranties?
Your solar panels have a 3 year manufacturer warranty and are guaranteed to produce at least 80% of their rated power for 25 years. Many systems last 30 to 40 years.

Will the value of my house increase after I install Solar Panels?
Solar Panels increase the value of your home according to the Appraisal Institute. A recent study showed that the selling price of homes increased $20 for every $1 decrease in annual utility bills (Appraisal Journal, October 1999).


What kind of financial payback can I expect when I install solar?
Residential projects take about 15-20 years

Can I see how much power I’m producing?
Inverters generally display this information. We can also connect this information to your computer or the internet where is can be accessed.

Do I need batteries?
No, not if you are just trying to lower your energy costs. Batteries add cost and maintenance.

How long will it take to get my new solar system installed and working?
A typical residential installation takes about 1-5 days, depending on your roof-line and the size of your system.

Is solar power reliable?
Solar modules produce power whenever the sun is shining. In Utah, the average is 5.3 hours of sun per day. It would vary in other states.

Do I have to make any changes to the inside of my home?
No, your solar system will not cause you to make any changes to your appliances, electrical outlets etc. Everything will work just as it did before the installation. We would like to work with you to help make your building more efficient. Then, the solar will be more effective.

What happens when the sun goes down or it is a dark, cloudy day?
Your system will automatically begin to draw power from your utility company. You won’t even know the switch has occurred. Your system “wakes up” in the morning with the sun and “displaces” power from the utility. It goes to “sleep” when the sun goes down.


Will Solar work for me?



Answer the following questions as they pertain to your property:

Does your roof have a south facing angle with no shading?

If not, do you have land that can accommodate your solar system?

A south facing roof is will provide the most potential for your system. Other directions can provide sufficient solar production, please contact us for a consultation.


Do you have enough space on your roof or land to accommodate your solar system?

Every kilowatt of solar that you install for your home will cover about 100-150 square feet of area. This can be your roof, a patio cover, a shed, ground area, or even a pole in your yard.


Do you have trees, greenery, or other structures that would shade your south-facing roof?

Any trees, shrubs, neighbors’ houses, etc can cause shading throughout the day. This would decrease your solar power production and make it less effective for your home. Let us perform a site visit to help determine if your site is useable.


Does your roof need repairs?

If it does, you may want to wait to add your solar system at that time or consider repairing your roof along with installing the solar system. At least put in new roofing where the solar system will be installed and then the rest can be done later if needed.


What if my roof needs repairing after I have installed the system?

The solar panels will need to be removed and re-installed.
Green Power Solutions, Inc. offers this service for a nominal fee.

Contact us today to learn if solar power is right for you. For an on-site consultation, please call 801-748-0412.


How does solar power work?


Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into power. This is done with a device called a solar panel. As sunlight falls upon it, photovoltaic cells absorb it and convert it into electricity. That is a very simple explanation of solar power. Solar energy is becoming more and more popular as our energy needs increase.

Solar cells convert sunlight to electricity without moving parts, noise, pollution, radiation or maintenance.

Solar systems allow you to generate clean, renewable electricity in your home or work place facility, reducing your utility bills for many years to come. Although the technology is complex, systems are simple to install and maintain.

When sunlight shines onto solar panels, the light is transformed into DC electricity. That DC electricity is then converted to AC electricity that is used throughout your home or other facilities which require power. During the day, if your solar system produces more electricity than is used, the extra electricity produced is fed into the utility grid generating a credit on your electric bill. When this happens, you will be able to see your utility meter actually spin backwards. At night, electricity is automatically drawn from the grid to provide your home with the power you need.

Green Power Solutions' solar electric power systems and products offer high quality, reliable power generation technology for residential, commercial and industrial applications. By partnering with the sun, solar energy can supply local power for on-and off-grid applications with zero noise pollution and air emissions.

Green Power Solutions offers a range of complete solar electric power systems. Along with ease of installation and service, our industry leading systems provide a safe and reliable source of power for residential, commercial and industrial applications.

Finding a solar-electric system installer is like choosing a long distance phone company. It can be as simple or as complicated as you make it. You can let your fingers do the walking and choose the first one you find in your local yellow pages, or you can contact Green Power Solutions. We'll walk you through every stage of the solar power installation process from planning to operation and maintenance.

CONTACT BRADLEY F. STEVENS | 801-748-0412 | brad@greenpowersolutionsinc.com
Rebates & Tax Incentives:
There are many ways to benefit from the current rebates & tax incentives for residential customers.

1. Utility Rebate – Limited funding up to $2.00 per watt
2. Federal tax credit – up to $2,000
3. State tax credit – up to $2,000
4. Some city rebates – Logan and St. George offer a $2.00/watt rebate.

To check for eligibility and programs in your area, please visit www.dsireusa.org.


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Current Requirements

Governments and government agencies are beginning to require that all new buildings meet certain LEED certification thresholds. In 2003, for example, the U.S. General Services Administration, which manages 1,800 federal buildings, began requiring all new building projects to strive for the LEED Silver standard and, at a minimum, to meet the LEED standard for basic certification.

Governors in at least 10 states, including Arizona, California, Colorado, Maryland, New Mexico, and Rhode Island, have signed recent executive orders requiring all new construction to meet LEED requirements. Other state and local governments have enacted similar requirements. (See chart.)

Governments are also creating financial incentives to build green. In July 2005, the Pennsylvania legislature created incentives rewarding new schools that were built to meet LEED Silver certification requirements. Recent studies have suggested that besides providing cost savings for school districts, the green buildings will also help improve student test scores.

Green Building Benefits

The most obvious benefits from green buildings relate to lower environmental and operating costs, which result from improved energy and water efficiency. Green buildings have documented energy-efficiency improvements ranging from 25 to 65 percent and water-efficiency improvements of up to 90 percent. The resulting financial savings are sufficient to offset any concerns about potential small increases in initial cost.

A particularly dramatic example of financial savings is demonstrated in a pair of Ridgehaven buildings located in San Diego, CA. The two nearly identical 73,000 square-foot buildings were built within a few hundred yards of one another. One of them, however, was later retrofitted with green building principles to improve energy efficiency. After the upgrades, energy consumption decreased 65 percent in the retrofitted building, yielding an annual savings of $70,000 in 1999. Today, annual savings are significantly higher, due to increased energy costs.

Although energy and water savings are a welcomed benefit, the most impressive financial benefit results from increases in worker productivity. Several case studies have documented productivity gains of 10 to 26 percent. Because labor costs are traditionally the highest costs for most businesses, any productivity increase can create significant savings. For instance, the Pentagon estimates that a productivity gain of only 6 percent, resulting from its ongoing green renovations, will produce an annual savings of $72 million.

Benefits of green buildings are not just limited to office complexes. Building owners are learning that they can charge higher rents for green offices and green apartments, both of which can attract higher-quality tenants. The retail world has discovered that "daylit" stores generate significantly higher sales, with some studies documenting a 40 percent increase in sales. For instance, Wal-Mart managers recently tested several daylit stores and discovered "significant" sales increases.

Managing Costs

In the early days of the green building movement, many people were reporting that green buildings cost 10 to 15 percent more to construct than traditional buildings. Most of the additional costs were premiums charged by architects and builders who were unfamiliar with LEED and green building techniques. However, even with the additional costs, the lower operating costs offset the initial premium.

As experience with green building has grown, concerns about the premiums have all but disappeared. Green buildings need not cost more to construct than traditional buildings. In fact, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania currently requires all state projects to be LEED Silver certified and reports no added costs to meet the requirement.

The best way to minimize costs is to integrate green building requirements into the original design requirements. Make sure the architect knows the project is expected to meet a specific LEED category. Failure to require LEED early in the design process means that owners must pay additional costs to redesign the building. If LEED standards are built into the original requirements, the designers' creative energies can focus on meeting the owner's requirements, while simultaneously protecting human health and the environment.
Win-Win Situation

Green buildings offer significant benefits to safeguard human health and the environment, while making tremendous financial sense. What better message could we send to future generations about the priorities of today's governments than to construct cost-effective, financially sound buildings designed to build a better future?

Contact Green Power Solutions for more information.